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It Will Last a Long Time
Both Ceramic and Porcelain tiles are known for their resilience and long-lasting characteristics. But, most tile will last for many years if it's cared for properly. This includes a proper installation and careful cleaning with non-abrasive, non-acidic products.
It Comes in a Variety of Options
When it comes to finding the right tile flooring, you'll have a wide range of options in terms of color and style.
Tile floors can also help preserve your indoor air quality. Tile is fired in high-temperature kilns, meaning it carries little to no volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that can contribute to a wide variety of health problems.
It Requires Little Maintenance
If your tile floors are glazed, they require very little maintenance. Tile is also great at withstanding water, spills, and pet accidents, if it is sealed correctly.
Ceramic and Porcelain come in every imaginable color, pattern and texture, including many that are nearly identical to the natural stone they imitate.
Ceramic Tile is a mixture of clays which have been shaped and fired at high temperatures. Ceramic tile bodies vary in color (white or red). The quality of the tile is more related to the quality of the manufacturer not the color of the body. The surface of the ceramic tile can be glazed or unglazed. Ceramic tile is recommended for indoor use only.
Porcelain Tiles are made from ultra-fine porcelain clays fired at extremely high temperatures. The resulting tiles are much harder, denser and less porous than natural stone. They are also commonly available in larger sizes than natural stone. The majority of porcelains tiles have a solid color body that is consistent with the color of the surface. Porcelain tiles are produced to exacting standards in controlled manufacturing plants, ensuring quality, consistency and uniform sizing, while virtually eliminating defects. And unlike many types of stone and ceramic tile, porcelain tiles can be installed indoors or out.
Ceramic wall tiles are normally less durable than tile designed specifically for flooring. Most wall tile is glazed with a semi-gloss or matte surface. The glazed surface has a very low slip resistance and becomes slippery when wet. Therefore, glazed wall tile is much more suited for wall or countertop applications rather than floors.
Glazed Ceramic Tile
Glazed Ceramic Tile is comprised of two basic elements, clay and water. Various clays are mined, ground and blended to a fine powder, and pressed together to form the body of the tile. The pressed clay body is then dried to reduce the moisture content. Next, the surface of the tile is coated with a colored glaze (similar to glass). The glaze is then permanently fused to the surface of the tile by firing it in kilns at approximately 2000° Fahrenheit, to form the finished product.
Porcelain tile is made from a blend of fine-grain clays and other minerals to produce a very dense body, which makes it highly resistant to moisture, staining and wear. Because of these features, porcelain tile will withstand years of heavy foot traffic in both interior and exterior applications while maintaining its color and beauty.
Natural stone has proven itself for centuries to be an attractive, amazingly durable flooring material. It is quarried and sliced into tiles from great slabs of granite, slate, marble, limestone and travertine. Today, natural stone tiles are available in a wide array of colors, patterns, sizes, textures and finishes.
Natural stone tiles can be installed in virtually any room on floors, walls, and ceilings. Most natural stone tile lines also include accent pieces carved from stone, such as bull-nose edging, chair rail, medallions and rope moldings. Stone, by its nature, has inherent imperfections (tiny fissures, holes and chips) which add character and make each piece unique. Natural stone surfaces are porous and susceptible to staining so it is recommended to seal the stone to prevent stains. Sealers can last anywhere from one year to fifteen years, depending on their quality.
Most tiles are rated for hardness or scratch resistance using the MOHS Test and rating system. The MOHS test rates tile from 1 (softest) to 10 (hardest). Ceramic tile with a value of 5 or more is suitable for most residential floor tile applications. Tile with a value of 7 or higher is normally acceptable for most commercial applications or heavy traffic areas.
Ceramic tile are also classified by their water absorption rate which reflects the density of the body of the tile. There is a direct relationship to the water absorption rate and the suitability of the various types of tile for interior or exterior applications. Tiles suitable for exterior applications must have a very low water absorption rate, especially in climates subject to freezing and thawing cycles. These are typically porcelain body tiles which have a moisture absorption rating of less than .5 %.
To help select suitable tiles for specific applications tiles are rated the P.E.I. (Porcelain Enamel Institute) scale. The tiles are evaluated for wear resistance on a scale from 1 (lowest) to 5 (highest).
Like the natural products themselves tiles will vary in shading. This adds to the beauty and design of the products. When choosing a tile it’s best to view 2-3 tiles together to visually determine the overall appearance of the tile.
Serving the following California cities, and others in the Central Valley:
Modesto, Ceres, Turlock, Waterford, Oakdale, Riverbank, Salida, Patterson, Ripon, Escalon, Manteca and Lathrop.
Ray’s Flooring Studio | 200 Kiernan Ave., Ste. A | Modesto, CA 95356 | (209)577-5642
Formerly Ray’s Carpets